Physiotherapy and Cardiovascular Disease: How Physiotherapist will Help

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How can physiotherapy help in cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular disease

In India, Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are a preeminent cause of death. CVDs are attributed to a quarter of all mortality. Ischemic heart disease and strokes are the predominant factors are responsible for more than 80% of Cardiovascular disease deaths.

The study of Global Burden of Disease evaluates the age-standardized Cardiovascular death rate, which is 272 per 100 000 people in India. The valuation is higher than the global average of 235 per 100 000 people.

Some aspects of India’s Cardiovascular disease epidemic are particular cases of concern, including its accelerated increase, the early age onset of diseases in the people, and the high fatality rate.
Physiotherapy is essential to efficient multi-disciplinary CR ( Cardiovascular Rehabilitation).

Physiotherapist Practice has an essential influence on the physical functionality and overall quality of life in individuals with cardiac disease.

Physiotherapy’s role in Cardiovascular Rehabilitation (CR)

Cardiovascular Rehabilitation is a team-based mediation that consolidates physical, educational, and psychosocial components to improve individuals’ outcomes after a cardiac event. The Physiotherapist has a pivotal role in the physical and educational elements of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation programs.

Physiotherapists direct individualized exercise programs and offer education programs on changes in lifestyle, such as smoking discontinuance.

Cardiovascular Rehabilitation programs are presented in public facilities, home settings, and the community. Cardiovascular Rehabilitation programs in which a physiotherapist is necessary are highly effective for enhancing the individual’s well-being outcomes.

The Physiotherapist will guide and inform about relaxation methods, breathing practices, and practices to strengthen muscles gradually. Gradually, moderate movement such as walking is involved.

Through the program, the Physiotherapist intends to rebuild the person’s self-esteem, improve tolerance for exercises, and teach them to recognize excess movement signs and symptoms.

Frequent aerobic exercises decrease blood pressure and heart rate.
This helps to decrease the workload on the weaker heart.
Physiotherapy increases muscle function and the person’s ability to take in more oxygen and utilize the oxygen better.

Influence on Patient Experience

The involvement of Physiotherapists in the performance of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation programs improves compliance of the patient. It appears in better health results for participants.

  • Cardiovascular Rehabilitation programs can be performed at home or in a department, and both delivery models are uniformly applicable and efficient at increasing health outcomes.
  • Physiotherapy in Cardiovascular Rehabilitation provides made-to-measure care that leads to physical and psychosocial function and a high satisfaction rate for the patient.
  • Physiotherapists assist in the transition from hospitals to community services, which improves the person’s experience in the care routine following a cardiac event.

Impact on Community Health

Reduces the risk of cardiac problems and common mortality by 15-25% and limits acute events over time.

Physiotherapy encourages social engagement, adopts healthy habits, and supports self-management strategies resulting in improvements in QOL.

Participation in a Cardiovascular Rehabilitation physio program reduces hospitalization rates.

Cardiovascular Rehabilitation improves life quality, smoking suspension rates, blood pressure, weight loss, cholesterol, overcomes depression, and promotes physical activity.

Cardiovascular Rehabilitation programs that encompass physiotherapy are low-risk intervention and an effective one that emphasizes exercise, education, and lifestyle changes.

CR increases physical activity in patients following cardiac events and encourages adopting healthy behaviors, leading to reduced hospitalization rates and subsequent cardiovascular events and mortality.

Cardiovascular Rehabilitation programs are cost-effective beyond all delivery models and have a significant impact on a person.

Content Reviewed by – Dr. Parmila Sharma